Urban platooning combined with dynamic traffic lights
Platooning is generally known as a control method for driving a group of connected and automated vehicles in motorway context. Nevertheless, platoon control might also work on urban roads. One possible strategy to increase overall road traffic performance and to reduce congestion in urban traffic networks is to combine platooning with traffic signal control at intersections. The traffic flow can be maximized with coordinated scheduling of traffic signals together with platooning activities, resulting in decreased travel times and fuel consumption. This paper investigates several aspects of this combined control, such as the procedures for coordination and communication between platooning vehicles and traffic signals. Efficient algorithms are suggested to optimize platoon formation and dissolution at junctions and to change traffic signal phases depending on platoon arrival and departure times. The proposed solutions have been tested and verified with SUMO, a high-fidelity microscopic traffic simulator.